Reading Tips 




Tips For Reading Comprehension



















Mrs. Large



Comprehension is a very important part of reading.  Many of us have read a book or text and then ask ourselves - what did I just read?  This is very common even for the best reader.  Children are the same way.  They must be taught how to comprehend.





Common clues that might indicate a problem with comprehension:

-not able to summarize a book they read

-they might be able to tell you what happened in the book but not able to relate why it happened

-can't relate to the character in the story

-doesn't make a connection to the book either to themselves or to another book.





"Today a reader, tomorrow a leader."

                    Margaret Fuller


Make Connections

Encourage your child to make a personal connection to the book.  Also, see if they can relate this book to another book or anything to their own life.


Encourage them to make predictions about the book - before, during and after reading.

Make Inference

Encourage your child to draw conclusions about what they are reading and make an educated guess. 


Ask questions as they are reading the story.  Stop frequently or at major points in the story to question them.  Provide them with a variety of questions both implicit and explicit types.


As they are reading have them describe to you what they are picturing in their head.  Have them describe things they would see.

Determine importance

Model and practice determine the main concepts in the book. Show them how to look for a topic sentence. 


This goes along with determining importance.  Once they determine the important concepts have them connect the important concepts together to make the big picture.

Fix-up strategies

Explain to them that when there is a breakdown in comprehension they must fix it.  A fix-up strategy can be as simple as re-read the book.








Tips For Vocabulary















Mrs. Large



Vocabulary is a very important part of reading.  Research has proven that direct vocabulary instruction improves the reader's comprehension.  Also, vocabulary instruction helps develop and deepen knowledge of concepts.  Vocabulary can be divided into categorizes: listening, speaking, reading and writing.




Common clues that might indicate a problem with vocabulary:

-they make misuse common words when speaking and writing

-they are unable to tell about their day in a way that it makes sense

-they do not make a connection to words from one book to another

-they do not link words used in real life to a book

-they often do not use the right word or words to describe something



"Children are made readers on the laps of their parents."

                    Emilie Buchwald



Read, Read, Read

Research shows the more words they are exposed to the better their vocabulary will be.  Have them listen to you read and let them read independently.


Word Connections

Make as many associations or connections with words they do not know. 



Engage your child in oral conversations daily.  In the conversation, try to include new and interesting words.



Encourage your child to name objects or pictures and classify/group them.


Play words games

Children love to play games.  Scrabble, Boggle, Charades are wonderful word building games.  Also, crossword puzzles and word searches are a great way to visually see the word.


Use mnemonics

Help them come up with funny words to help them remember a word.



Expose them to a dictionary and how to use it. 









Tips For Building Fluency



















Mrs. Large



Fluency is the reader's ability to read accurately and correctly. The words are automatically recognized.  Fluency links word recognition to comprehension.  When a reader is not fluent their oral reading is choppy. 







Common clues that might indicate a problem with fluency:

-they read books with no expression

-they know how to read words but seem to take a long time to read a short book. This when includes reading aloud and silently.

-when reading aloud, they stumble and lose their place many times

-they read very choppy and separating each sound of the words


"The fluent reader sounds good, is easy to listen to, and reads with enough expression to help the listener understand and enjoy the material." 

Charles Clark, "Building Fluency: Do It Right and Do It Well!" (1999)





Audio Books

Encourage your child listening to books on tape, CD or online.  Provide them with a print copy to follow along and practice reading.

Predictable/Rhyming books

Provide them with books that are predictable and have rhyme.

Model Reading Fluently

Read to the often and model reading the text fluently - show expression, rate and pausing at appropriate places.

Echo Read

Read aloud and have your child match their voice to your voice.

Phrases or short text

If your child is struggling with fluency, step back and practice reading a shorter text, phrase or word list.  Then build up to the whole book.  Visit the shorter text, phrases or word list until they have mastered reading it fluently.

Check with your child's teacher

The teacher can provide a wealth of information about your child's reading.  Collaborate with them to see if they have some addition support suggestions for your child.

Repeated Reading

Repeated reading will help your child gain fluency. Reread-Reread!

Support and Encouragement

Often times a non-fluent reader can becomes very frustrated.  Realize the child is struggling, be supportive, offer encouragement and be realistic on their goals.